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Title: Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents
Author: Mafla Chamorro, Ana Cristina
Luna E.G.
Sánchez N.R.
Barrera, David Alexander
Muñoz, Ginna Mabel
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Issue Date: 2011
Keywords: adolescent
clinical examination
correlation analysis
Dental Aesthetic Index
dental esthetics
dental procedure
high school student
named inventories
questionnaires and rating scales
normal human
psychologic assessment
rosenberg self esteem scale
self esteem
social status
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents. Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinical examination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Self-esteem was assessed with the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, which was made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17. Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2) and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6). The low socioeconomic status (SES) group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negative correlation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p<0.05). According to age, in adolescents aged sixteen there was a slight correlation with both variables (p>0.05). Regarding gender, in female individuals a negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p<0.05) was observed. No statistically significant difference was shown among SES groups. Nevertheless, there was a positive slight correlation in the middle SES group (p>0.05). Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlation between dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability. © 2011 Universidad del Valle, Facultad de Salud.
Publisher: Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle
metadata.dc.type: Artículo
Citation: Mafla AC,Luna EG,Sánchez NR,Barrera DA,Muñoz GM. Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents. Colomb Med (Cali). 2011. 42. (4):p. 482-489. .
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