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Title: Analysis of environmental impacts associated with water quality of the Bogotá river
Author: Castro Fernandez, Mario Fernando
Castro Alfaro, Alain Fitzgerard
Diaz Casallas, Daissy Milena
Montenegro Marin, Carlos
Simanca Herrera, Fredys Alberto
Paéz Paéz, Jaime
Cortes Méndez, Jairo
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Issue Date: 25-May-2020
Keywords: Agua
Gestión del agua
Calidad del agua
Impacto Ambiental
Río Bogotá
Abstract: This investigation analyzed the impact of changes in water quality, emphasizing the importance not only to describe the causes of these changes but also the effects it has on ecosystems and the population present in the area of influence. The contamination of water sources and the ensuing changes in the physical and chemical conditions of the water are considered to be a cumulative impact because, over time, it triggers other effects on the health of ecosystems and people. The environmental impacts associated with water quality were identified and evaluated with the methodology proposed by Conesa (2010), and changes in habitat together with the impact on aquatic ecosystems and ecological flow were determined to be the major agents of change. By contrast, the least significant impacts were noise generation, emission of particulate matter, and slope instability. Extractive mining, followed by agricultural, livestock, and industrial activities generated the greatest impact on the environment. However, the difference found was only of one point on the rating scale, and all of these activities were classified as moderate. Analysis of actions that generate impact determined that the most important one, on average, is inadequate use of the soil, followed by the generation of dump sites. Estimation of the environmental impact associated with the water quality of the Bogotá River underscored that changes in water quality were classified as a critical impact. Among those areas severely impacted were alteration of landscape, wetland system, and the population’s health. Among those with the lowest scores were noise generation, gas emissions, and odors. A software tool was designed to validate the methodology developed for analysis of said environmental impact associated with the water quality of the Bogotá River.
Table Of Contents: Introducción. -- Materiales y métodos. -- Resultados. -- Discusión. -- Conclusiones.
Program: Ingeniería de Sistemas
Headquarters: Bogotá
Type: Artículo
Citation: Castro-Fernandez, M., Castro, A., Díaz-Casallas, D., Montenegro, C., Simanca, F., Paez, J., y Cortes, C. (2020). Analysis of environmental impacts associated with water quality of the Bogotá river. Artic Journal, 73(5), 2-27.
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Appears in Collections:Ingeniería de Sistemas

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