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dc.contributor.advisorComité evaluador Archivos de Medicina-
dc.coverage.temporalVol. 14 No. 2:3es
dc.creatorLemos Hoyos, Mariantonia-
dc.creatorHenao Pérez, Marcela-
dc.creatorLópez Medina, Diana Carolina-
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-20T13:48:29Z-
dc.date.available2020-11-20T13:48:29Z-
dc.date.issued2018-04-30-
dc.identifier.issn1698-9465es
dc.identifier.uri10.3823/1385es
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12494/28231-
dc.descriptionIntroducción: el estrés crónico y la ausencia de adecuados mecanismos de afrontamiento predisponen a presentar problemas de disregulación emocional, tales como depresión y ansiedad, además de efectos deletéreos en la salud cardiovascular. La formación médica ha sido relacionada con la presentación de estrés crónico y sus efectos. Objetivo: caracterizar los niveles de estrés, salud mental y su asociación con variables psicológicas, fisiológicas y de educación en estudiantes de medicina colombianos. Método: estudio transversal con 217 estudiantes seleccionados aleatoriamente, estratificando según el ciclo académico. Se aplicaron el Cuestionario de estrés percibido (PSS14), Cuestionario de salud (PHQ-9) para depresión, cuestionario de ansiedad generalizada (GAD 7), Cuestionario de Apoyo Social (MOS-SSS) y cuestionario de estrategias de afrontamiento modificado; así como medidas fisiológicas y un registro de actividades extracurriculares. Resultados: Se presentaron niveles altos de estrés (64%), depresión (56.2%) y ansiedad (48.3%). Mediante una regresión logística bivariada se encontró que ser mujer (OR 2.64, I.C. 95% 1.29–5.39), estar en el ciclo básico (OR 0.38, I.C. 95% 0.19–0.78), no realizar actividades extracurriculares (OR 2.14, I.C. 95% 1.05–4.36), bajas puntuaciones en solución de problemas (OR 0.93, I.C. 95% 0.89 – 0.93), altas en reacción agresiva (OR 1.13, I.C. 95% 1.05–1.22) y expresión de dificultad de afrontamiento (OR 1.17, I.C. 95% 1.04–1.30) fueron factores de riesgo para el estrés y síntomas emocionales. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de estrés y trastornos emocionales en estudiantes de medicina es importante; por esto es necesario llevar a cabo programas de intervención, orientados a fortalecer la realización de actividades extracurriculares y un afrontamiento activo del estrés.es
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Chronic stress and lack of adequate coping mechanisms predispose to present emotional dysregulation problems, such as depression and anxiety, as well as deleterious effects on cardiovascular health. Medical training has been related to the presentation of chronic stress and its effects. Objective: to characterize stress, mental health levels and their association with the psychological, physiological and educational variables in Colombian medical students. Method: cross sectional study with a randomized sample of 217 students, stratified according to the academic cycle. Participants completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), Patient Health Questionairre (PHQ-9) for depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), Medical Outcomes Study – Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) and a coping questionnaire. Extracurricular activities and physiological variables were also measured. Results: There were high levels of stress (64%), depression (56.2%) and anxiety (48.3%). It was found that risk factors for stress and emotional symptoms were being female (OR 2.64, C.I. 95% 1.29 – 5.39), being in the basic cycle (OR 0.38, C.I. 95% 0.19 – 0.78), not performing extracurricular activities (OR 2.14, C.I. 95% 1.05 – 4.36), low problem solving scores (OR 0.93, C.I. 95% 0.89 – 0.93), high in aggressive reaction (OR 1.13, C.I. 95% 1.05 – 1.22) and expressing difficulty in coping (OR 1.17, C.I 95% 1.04 – 1.30). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of stress and emotional disorders in this population. This shows the importance of design intervention programs in students oriented to strengthen the realization of extracurricular activities and an active coping of stress.es
dc.format.extent1-8es
dc.publisherUniversidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Medicina, Medellín y Envigadoes
dc.relation.ispartofArchivos de Medicinaes
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Marcela_Henao_Perez/publication/326273884_estres-y-salud-mental-en-estudiantes-de-medicina-relacion-con-afrontamiento-y-actividades-extracurriculares/links/5b43b01ca6fdcc661913f1a8/estres-y-salud-mental-en-estudiantes-de-medicina-relacion-con-afrontamiento-y-actividades-extracurriculares.pdfes
dc.subjectEstréses
dc.subjectEstudiantes de medicinaes
dc.subjectAnsiedades
dc.subjectDepresiónes
dc.subjectAfrontamientoes
dc.subject.otherStresses
dc.subject.otherMedical studentses
dc.subject.otherPsychophysiologicales
dc.subject.otherAnxietyes
dc.subject.otherDepressiones
dc.titleEstrés y Salud Mental en Estudiantes de Medicina: Relación con Afrontamiento y Actividades Extracurriculareses
dc.typeArtículoes
dc.rights.licenseAtribución – Sin Derivares
dc.publisher.departmentMedellínes
dc.publisher.programMedicinaes
dc.description.tableOfContents1. Introducción.-- 2. Materiales y métodos.--3.Resultados.--4.Discusión.--5.Conclusioneses
dc.creator.mailmarcela.henaop@campusucc.edu.coes
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dc.publisher.editoriMedPub LTDes
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