- ÍtemIntervenciones para la prevención de la accidentalidad de primera infancia.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-12-06) Guerrero Vega , Maira Alejandra; Niño Pinto , Diana Patricia; Laguado Jaimes, Elveny
- ÍtemCuidados de enfermería para la prevención de úlceras por Presión.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-11-28) Diaz Pinilla, Sandra Milena; González Barajas, Yaritza; Moreno Manrique, Jorge; Quintero Ávila, Ana Fernanda; Casadiegos Buitrago, Adriana PaolaPressure ulcers (UPP) are an injury to the skin and underlying tissue caused by prolonged pressure on the dermis, which covers bony areas such as heels, ankles, hips, shoulder blades, and coccyx. The objective of the following investigative work is to define the relevant nursing care for the prevention of the appearance of pressure ulcers in older adult patients, in the hospital service, through a bibliographic review in order to link international and national knowledge. About the topic.
- ÍtemPercepción de estudiantes de enfermería en cuidados paliativos.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-11-24) Anaya Calderón, Edinson Arley; Gualdron Ramírez, Juan Camilo; Monsalve Salgado, Angie Paola; Rico Mendoza, Maria Paula; Peñaranda Ospina, Liana Magreth; Laguado Jaimes, ElvenyAlthough research on palliative care has increased in recent years; little research has been done on nursing students' perceptions of the training they received in undergraduate courses and on the experiences they have had in palliative care in their practice process. Objective: To describe nursing students' perceptions of palliative care through a systematic review. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was carried out; 15 articles on the perception of nursing students in relation to palliative care were included in the qualitative synthesis of the information. Results: From the identification of the results of each article and the horizontal reading of the relevant findings, 4 categorical units were identified: Importance of palliative care, Need for training, Negative experiences and Importance of clinical practices. Conclusions: In the systematic review, there was a considerable lack of studies of nursing students' perceptions of palliative and end-of-life care in a practice setting. The need to provide more knowledge on this subject to professionals who provide care in these settings is pointed out.
- ÍtemIntervenciones de enfermería efectivas para el manejo de duelo materno y su familia por muerte perinatal.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-10-21) Perdomo Donado, Darcy Tatiana; Lobo Rincon, Beatriz Alexandra; Pulido Montes, Maria AndreinaIntroduction: Perinatal mourning is a consequence of perinatal loss; for them it is important that a humanized management is given, since, in some cases, mourning occurs silently. This care must be carried out both for the mother and her family. For them, the role of the nurse in the approach with comprehensive accompaniment and support is important. Objective: To determine qualities are the most effective nursing interventions for the management of perinatal grief for the mother and her family. Methodology: Narrative review through the search for research articles on perinatal grief and effective interventions for the management of perinatal grief. These searches were carried out by means of a peak question in which a specific population was selected, additional inclusion and exclusion criteria were taken into account according to the ProQuest, Dialnet, Google Scholar databases. Results: Finally, a total of 15 articles that answered the research question were selected, a series of effective nursing disorders for the mother and her family were identified, such as support groups, active listening by the staff, expression of feelings, implementation of rituals among others. Conclusions: From the nursing discipline, effective nursing interventions are implemented for the management of grief due to perinatal death, such as creating memories, emotional support, active listening, among others; but it is worth noting the need to include other disciplines that address perinatal grief, for this reason new guidelines and protocols must be generated for a multidisciplinary approach. Key words: Perinatal grief, eruption, Effective, Perinatal death.
- ÍtemFactores influyentes en la adopción de alimentación saludable en la primer infancia.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-11-17) Gómez Delgado , Paula D; González Prada , Valentina; Hortua Hernández , Jenny F; Vega Gamboa , Julieth A; Laguado Jaimes, ElvenyIntroduction: Children need different macronutrients for age-appropriate growth and development. This review was carried out in order to determine the factors that influence the adoption of eating habits by identifying and classifying them. Methodology: Systematic review in selected databases, taking into account the keywords and inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then, the information was analyzed and the text extraction was carried out to respond to the proposed objectives. Results: 44% of the information showed that the educational and socioeconomic level of the parents is the most important influential factor. Among the modifiable factors is the purchase and consumption of processed foods. The non-modifiable ones are mainly associated with diseases. Conclusions: It is crucial to encourage the adoption of healthy eating habits from an early age, since this generates a positive impact on long-term health.
- ÍtemRol de enfermería para la prevención de lesiones por presión.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-11-07) Duarte Figueroa, María Fernanda; Pinzón Niño, Brayan Stiven; Quiñones Quiroga, Yerley Paola; Torres Romero, Carlos Alberto; Laguado Jaimes, ElvenyIntroduction: Pressure injuries (LPP) are wounds that form on skin and subcutaneous tissue due to prolonged and constant pressure on a specific body area. These injuries mainly affect people who have difficulty moving or who spend a long time in the same position, such as the elderly, physically disabled patients, hospitalized patients, among others. Methodology: The following work was carried out through systematic research of narrative type, with a search in databases, from which 30 scientific articles were included in which incidence, prevalence, risk factors and interventions for treatment and prevention of LPP are evidenced. Results: LPP can cause pain, infections and even death, the best way to prevent LPP is to identify risk factors, such as: Age, prostration status, incontinence, reduced mobility, nutritional deficiencies, and comorbidities. Some of the interventions to decrease LPP include Repositioning the patient every 2 hours, using anti-eschar mattresses, keeping the skin clean and dry, providing adequate nutrition and hydration, incontinence management, and educating the patient and caregivers about the pathology. If LPP develops, it is important to treat it immediately to avoid complications. Conclusion: The findings of this review are consistent with other studies on prevention and treatment of LPP. The included scientific articles highlight the importance of identifying and reducing risk factors for LPP, as well as the importance of providing timely and effective treatment.
- ÍtemFactores de riesgo cardiovascular en los estudiantes universitarios.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-10-26) Franco Siza , Angie Alejandra; Leal Vargas , Jesús Oleider; Orduz Morgado , Ofelmina; Cardenas Vargas , Sandy Yanith; Contreras Ramos, Luz MeryIntroduction: According to the OMS, cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in the world and according to estimates, 17.9 million lives are claimed each year, these diseases have been shown to be caused mainly by the consumption of tobacco, salt, alcohol, unhealthy food and sedentary lifestyle; however, it is not confirmed which habits are adopted by university students, who may be a population at risk. It is important to mention that the majority of university students are young, who adopt risky behaviors and unhealthy lifestyles such as a sedentary lifestyle, which is related to the academic load due to the responsibilities they must fulfill, thus limiting free time to carry out activities. physical and food preparation that trigger a high consumption of fast foods, associated with obesity. In addition, the stress of the environment generates a high consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Objective: To identify the factors that lead to cardiovascular risk in university students. Methodology: A bibliographic review was carried out that included articles on cardiovascular risk factors in university students through the use of keywords and combination with Booleans for the respective search in the institutional database, managing to find the 40 articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After that, a data table was designed in Excel to classify each of the variables contained in the articles and thus make a grouping to compare them. Results: It was possible to show that the female sex predominated in the studies carried out, the participants had an age range between 15 and 30 years, the careers that prevailed were nursing and medicine. Regarding habits, it was possible to observe a low proportion of fruit consumption, high tobacco consumption associated with stress, high alcohol consumption and a sedentary lifestyle, which leads to overweight and in the future develop arterial hypertension, in terms of anthropometric measurements, it was identified abdominal obesity and a high percentage of body fat, which is attributed to bad lifestyles; In the university population there is evidence of a high prevalence of prehypertension associated with risks: Psychosocial, obesity and symptoms of depression. Conclusion: Tobacco and alcohol are in most studies associated with cardiovascular risk factors, with young populations being commonly affected, indicating that even in the future a large part of the population would have heart problems, increasing mortality levels due to the different associated causes. that lead to develop them without having control and treatment at the right time.
- ÍtemConocimientos del profesional de enfermería acerca de la prevención y tratamiento de las úlceras por presión.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-10-25) Castellanos Pinzón , María Fernanda; Becerra Rey, Karen Daniela; Cárdenas Benavides , Vanesa Alejandra; Villamil Castro , Viviana Camila; Contreras Ramos, Luz MeryIntroduction: Pressure ulcers, are those lesions originated in an ischemic and neuropathic way in the skin and underlying tissues, produced by prolonged friction between two hard planes. The nursing professional is in greater contact with the patient; therefore, it is important that he/she has specific knowledge about the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers, since they affect the quality of life of patients and their families. The nursing professional should carry out studies that address this topic since this will allow him/her to design strategies, plans and protocols focused on reducing the appearance of pressure ulcers, identifying the topics that require further training, establishing preventive measures and providing standardized or individualized care to the user. Objective: To determine the nursing professional's knowledge about the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in adults. Methodology: A literature review and subsequent selection of articles in different databases on the knowledge of nursing staff on prevention and treatment of pressure skin ulcers in adults at national and international level was carried out; those articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included. Results: 40 research articles were included, most of them were shown to cover the period from 2010 - 2023, and the majority were from Asia. The studies focused on the Nursing discipline, and the sample size ranged from 23 to 1806 participants. The participants were professional nurses according to the degree awarded in each country, and auxiliary nurses. Their average work experience ranged from 4.5 to 23.14 years; most of the participants worked in the Adult Intensive Care Unit. In general, the selected articles revealed a lower than required knowledge in relation to pressure ulcers. Conclusion: In most of the studies, it was possible to identify that even though nurses have deficiencies in their knowledge of PUs, they still have positive attitudes towards their prevention, whose education influences behavioral changes that improve the nurse's skills. Keywords: Pressure Ulcer, Knowledge, Nursing, Nursing Care, Adult, Care and Control.
- ÍtemEventos Adversos Relacionados con el Proceso de Administración de Medicamentos(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-10-25) Ariza Bautista, Angie V.; Brandon A. Durán Florez, Brandon A.; Méndez Rosero, Erika D.; Noba Lozano, Silvia A.; Andrés F. Sequeda Castellanos, Andrés F.; Casadiego Buitrago, Adriana PaolaIntroduction: In the present research work, the reason for the adverse events related to medication administration in nursing will be made known, thus allowing to demonstrate the importance of nursing in this process and the importance of performing a good professional work. Objective: To identify the strategies that contribute to the prevention of adverse events related to errors in the process of medication administration by nursing personnel. Methodology: The research was a systematic, narrative, and literary study based on articles available in institutional databases, where 30 scientific articles were taken as a sample. Results: The main medication administration errors that appeared in most of the articles were: prescription errors, errors when calculating the speed of medication administration, application of the 10 correct ones, dosage errors, errors when there are activities that overload the staff, not performing double-checking activities before administering medications, administering a medication that was not prepared by the same person who administers it, and administration schedules. Conclusion: We can conclude that nursing plays a very important role in patient safety when administering medications, therefore, it is essential to always apply the correct ones, to always be sure in each step of the administration of each medication in order to have a reduction in the rates of adverse events in the administration of medications.
- ÍtemComplicaciones por administración de soporte nutricional enteral y parenteral en población adulta.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Enfermería, Bucaramanga, 2023-10-25) Arteaga Ortiz , Laura Valentina; Medina Osorio , Marisol; Rodríguez Bayona , Lindsay Camila; Malagón Argüello , Linda Mary; Contreras Ramos, Luz MeryIntroduction: According to the Spanish Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (SENPE), nutritional support is defined as "any artificial nutrition (AN) technique, either by means of a tube into the digestive tract - enteral nutrition (EN) - or into the bloodstream - parenteral nutrition (PN). Nutritional support has been linked to the prevalence of complications in patients possibly related to metabolic or gastrointestinal disorders, or other factors. In PN, the main complication is the infection of the insertion site, which causes a high risk of septicemia; and in severe cases, fat embolism due to the composition of the nutrition that generates obstruction of the veins that transport it, and as for PN, there is evidence of alterations in the intestinal mucosa that adjusts the increase in gastric retention volumes and favors bacterial growth in the gastrointestinal tract, which generates intolerance to the nutrition due to its composition. Objective: To describe the complications due to the administration of parenteral and enteral nutritional support in adult population. Methodology: A literature review was carried out in bibliographic bases with quantitative analysis, by means of the definition of key words, where some sources of information were identified; then, the application of the Boléan formulas that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, where the time of antiquity is not older than twenty years, English and Spanish language and is the product of original research articles; likewise, sections of cost are omitted for its visualization and smaller population. Following the above, information was collected: 26,606 articles were identified, 112 were selected, of which 40 were excluded because they did not comply with any aspect, and 55 were taken into account, of which 40 were selected for the construction of the document. Results: A large percentage of the studies reported that the majority of participants were men and only seven included women; the average age was between 47 and 84 years. The enteral route of administration was the most used and the material with the greatest benefit was polyurethane, followed by the type of tube most used was nasogastric and nasojejunal; on the other hand, the most predominant type of infusion was continuous infusion. And finally, the population that most predominated in the studies remained in the intensive care unit, in which a higher figure was obtained referring to complications due to the requirement of NE and NP support such as abdominal distension, vomiting, diarrhea and infections. Conclusion: The recent research made it possible to determine that the use of EN and PN leads to the presentation of various complications, which served as a study support so that the nursing disciplinary team in its field of action can identify the causal factors and base their knowledge on the management of complications.