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Title: Incidencia de tuberculosis, VIH e Índice de Desarrollo Humano en Colombia: un análisis por departamentos 2005-2014
Author: Higuita Gutiérrez, Luis Felipe
Figueroa Huertas, Ángela Andrea
Cardona Arias, Jaiberth Antonio
Email autor: luis.higuita@campusucc.edu.co
metadata.dc.description.cvlac: https://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0001501791
http://scienti.colciencias.gov.co:8081/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0001349630
Issue Date: 2019
Keywords: VIH/SIDA
Tuberculosis
Índice de Desarrollo Humano
Resume: Objetivo: Correlacionar la incidencia de tuberculosis pulmonar, tuberculosis extrapulmonar y VIH con el índice de desarrollo humano por departamentos en Colombia entre los años 2005 y 2014. Métodos: Estudio ecológico en 29 departamentos de Colombia, con datos de las secretarias de salud, SIVIGILA y del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. Los análisis se realizaron con medidas de resumen, intervalos de confianza, Kruskal Wallis y correlación de Spearman en SPSS. Resultados: Se encuentra incremento en la incidencia de tuberculosis pulmonar y VIH en el lapso estudiado. Por otra parte, no se halló correlación entre el IDH con la tasa de tuberculosis pulmonar; sin embargo, con la tuberculosis extrapulmonar y el VIH se identificaron correlaciones positivas y significativas con Rho Spearman de 0,320 y 0,324 respectivamente. Conclusión: Este estudio puso de manifiesto una correlación positiva y significativa entre la infección por VIH, tuberculosis extrapulmonar e índice de desarrollo humano que indica que las regiones del país con mayor nivel de desarrollo presentan las mayores tasas de infección. Esta información es importante para que las autoridades sanitarias realicen acciones que ayuden a comprender las causas que explican este fenómeno.
Abstract: Objective: To correlate the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis, extrapulmonary tuberculosis and HIV with the human development index by departments in Colombia between 2005 and 2014. Methods: Ecological study in 29 departments of Colombia. The incidence data of pulmonary, extrapulmonary and HIV tuberculosis were obtained through the request to departmental health secretaries and data registered in SIVIGILA. The information on the human development index (HDI) was obtained from the United Nations Development Program. The description of the variables was made with measures of central tendency, position, dispersion and 95% confidence intervals. The variation of the disease rates over time was done with the H Kruskal Wallis test. The covariation between the rates of diseases and the HDI was evaluated with scatter plots and Spearman correlation coefficients. In all the analyzes p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: There is an increase in the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis and HIV in the period studied. On the other hand, no correlation was found between the HDI with the rate of pulmonary tuberculosis; however, positive and significant correlations with Rho Spearman of 0.320 and 0.324 were found with extrapulmonary tuberculosis and HIV, respectively. Conclusion: this study showed a positive and significant correlation between HIV infection, extrapulmonary tuberculosis and human development index, which indicates that the regions of the country with the highest level of development have the highest infection rates. This information is important for the health authorities to carry out actions that help to understand the causes that explain this phenomenon.
Program: Medicina
Headquarters: Medellín
Type: Artículo
Citation: L.F. Higuita-Gutiérrez, et al. Incidencia de tuberculosis, VIH e Índice de Desarrollo Humano en Colombia: un análisis por departamentos 2005-2014. Infectio 2019; 23(3): 215-221
Resource reference: http://www.revistainfectio.org/index.php/infectio/article/view/783/823
Appears in Collections:Epidemiología

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