Dificultades del Aprendizaje


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  • Ítem
    Rondas infantiles como recurso didáctico para fortalecer el proceso inicial de lectura en los estudiantes del nivel de jardín
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Maestría en Dificultades de Aprendizaje, Bogotá., 2023-09-11) Martínez López, Liliana; Hernández Fierro, Jenny Paola; Rojas Gamboa , Yuly Andrea
    The development of initial reading in early childhood helps to expand the learning capacity in all areas, this is why, based on the students’ difficulties evidenced in these ages with respect to the reading process, the objective of this research is to strengthen the initial reading process in kindergarten students through the nursery rhymes as a didactic resource. This type of research is AR (action-research) along with a socio-critical paradigm that involves qualitative approach. The design is descriptive based on the analysis of the data collected. It is developed at José Martí IED school, branch D afternoon shift, located in Bogotá city; 15 kindergarten students are part of the target population. The Pre test evidenced that there are aspects of language and the DBA attention and memory that are at a basic development in these students. These results are triangulated with the students, parents and teachers’ surveys in order to formulate the intervention. Regarding the results from the Post test, these students reached significant achievements in a natural and spontaneous way, due to the cognitive strengthening that occurred within the intervention and implementation of the nursery rhymes as a didactic resource. It is due they favor not only the initial reading processes, but also they have an impact on the different dimensions of the student, improving social and cognitive skills, as well as it leaked out their families and other actors of the educational community. As a conclusion, the use of nursery rhymes as a didactic resource allows the strengthening of the needed skills for early childhood reading process.
  • Ítem
    Estrategia pedagógica para fomentar participación de familias en procesos iniciales de escritura y lectura en estudiantes de transición.
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2023-01-20) Calvo, Yeimi Andrea; Vargas Alfaro, Gisela Yeraldin; Salcedo Santos Soraida
    In this work the pedagogical strategy:” Viajando con las Familias en el Tren del Aprendizaje” was established, as a proposal for the promotion of participation in initial writing and reading processes in families of 25 students of the transition grade (2 morning sessions) of the Colegio José Francisco Socarrás. It consisted of the implementation of 11 sessions: 4 face-to-face, 1 virtual and 6 work at home; initially it was welcomed; the foundations of learning in transition (guiding activities and dimensions of development) were established, which were eventually: preparing me to write (apprehension, fine motor skills and graphomotricity), preparing me to read (phonological awareness and shared reading); finally, we reflected on the experiences with the participants of the research. The research was carried out through a qualitative research approach with an Action Research design, which gave development to the five phases proposed by Bancayan and Vega (2020), phase I- Problem Identification, phase II- Diagnostic, phase III- Action Plan, Phase IV- Action, and phase V- Reflection. Techniques and instruments were used to collect information from the participant observation, field diary, survey and questionnaire. Finally, the results show that families are able to participate to a greater extent when they perceive that they are formed by an accessible language in relation to the topics of the initial processes of writing and reading that their children learn in the transition grade, and also when they feel that they are recognized by teachers in the processes of student learning.
  • Ítem
    Lectorcito: una estrategia pedagógica basada en el Diseño Universal para el aprendizaje-DUA. al alcance de todos y para todos que permite favorecer los procesos de comprensión lectora
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2023) Alvarado Valencia, Karent Tatiana; Rojas Mora, Andrea Paola; Gladiz Rossana Cuervo Botero
    Current education has undergone several transformations, many of them as a result of the pandemic. In this sense, the school must become a place of encounter with human being recognized from his abilities, potentialities, and diverse ways of seeing and understanding the world. Therefore, this intervention proposal arises, being its general objective to support the reading comprehension processes of third grade students with low school performance of the Liceo Antonio de Toledo (LAT), through a pedagogical strategy based on the Universal Design for Learning (DUA for its acronym in Spanish). In that respect, the pedagogical proposal LECTORCITO is presented, which includes a series of activities based on the interests and contributions of the students, looking to have a positive and significant impact on the participants: 26 students in grade 3A, among which there is a target group of 8 students who are part of the NETWORK NEED (Special Educational Needs ). LECTORCITO provided several literary experiences that promote reading comprehension processes in eight two-hour work sessions. According to the implementation, favorable results were obtain NEE, as required in the comparative pre and posttests, implemented with the focus group through the Reading Process Evaluation Test (PROLEC for its acronym in Spanish). As a conclusion, it can be inferred that the challenges of education require a greater effort and commitment on the part of teachers, seeking to involve in their praxis contents more accessible to students, recognizing them from their abilities and skills. In addition, to enable self-training spaces that allow to account for the initiatives offered by the regulations of inclusive education, in particular the DUA as a strategy that allows the activation of the three main neural networks: affective, recognition and strategic; which in turn account for the what, how and why of any teaching and learning process, becoming the scenario where everyone can see and feel themselves as protagonists of their educational process.
  • Ítem
    Desarrollo de las habilidades de pensamiento en un ambiente híbrido de aprendizaje y su incidencia en el desarrollo de las competencias comunicativas de los estudiantes del grado noveno de la Institución Educativa San Mateo del municipio de Soacha.
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2022-08-12) Higuera Verano, Diana Yolima; Párraga Munar, Yenni Amanda; Piñeros Ibañez, Ángela Viviana; Romero Mendoza, Angela Andrea
    The purpose of this qualitative research is to establish the incidence of strengthening and enhancing thinking skills in the learning process, especially in the construction, development and foundation of communicative competence and their respective linguistic abilities. This purpose is due to the need to offer the students of the ninth grade of the San Mateo Educational Institution, methodological strategies that link mental processes as a basis for the development of thought and contribute to effective learning and the construction of knowledge. The execution of the proposal was mediated by ICTs, through the implementation of a didactic sequence, in a hybrid learning environment, given the health conditions due to COVID in the country and in the world. The data collection was carried out through a diagnostic questionnaire and the application of the mentioned sequence. The results obtained allowed us to establish the importance of designing and implementing learning materials and resources that involve the mastery of skills and the handling and processing of information.
  • Ítem
    Atención a estudiantes con discapacidad: concepciones, actitudes y prácticas de los docentes de apoyo pedagógico en la educación inclusiva.
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Educación, Maestría en Dificultades de Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2022-07-12) Cruz Porras, Luz Stefany; González Bohórquez, Carmen Yine; Hernández Arteaga, Rosario Isabel
    The experiences situated around the realities of care for students with disabilities emerge from the actions, contexts and social representations that, through stories and affirmative actions, transform education and acceptance of diversity. In this sense, this research work of the Master's Degree in Learning Difficulties of the Cooperative University of Colombia, is the result of a research work that responds to the learning built in the course of the program and the need to train teachers interested in investigate the problems and realities in the educational context, strengthening investigative skills, reflecting and creating social awareness about the work of teachers and the social impact that research in the educational field can generate, breaking the paradigm that is built on professionals in education and their little interest in investigating and changing the social realities of the country.
  • Ítem
    Hábitos de lectura para fortalecer la comprensión lectora en estudiantes del ciclo 2 del colegio José Martí
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Educación, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2022-02-16) Ospina Marín, Adriana; Solano Garcés, María Helena; Guarnizo Valenzuela, Sandra Patricia; Cardozo Galeano, Germán Darío
    Reading is a fundamental exercise in the cognitive development of the human being. Its importance is given beyond the academic context as an enrichment activity that can contribute significantly to promoting reading habits and as a consequence, to developing comprehension skills. This article aims to recognize the reading habits of teachers and students in cycle two. The qualitative paradigm with hermeneutical approach and ethnographic research method allowed a bibliographic review, with the information collected through focus groups, semi-structured interviews and a workshop on previous knowledge, an intervention strategy was proposed to promote reading habits involving the community educational. It was evidenced that comprehension and reading habits were activities that had minimal interest in students, especially if they did not have the support of their families. The importance of generating spaces that develop reading processes is concluded from the home.
  • Ítem
    Dispositivos básicos de aprendizaje afectados en un estudiante de cuarto grado que inciden en el aprendizaje de la lectura y escritura
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Especialización en Dificultades del Aprendizaje escolar y sus dificultades, Bogotá, 2016) Latorre Ruiz, German Arturo; Quiroga Mendez, Nancy; Diaz, Maria Nohra; Martinez Leal, Aura Graciela
  • Ítem
    Canciones infantiles como agente motivador dentro de estrategia pedagógica para el fortalecimiento de la lectura inicial en estudiantes de grado segundo del colegio Rodrigo de Triana IED
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Educación, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá., 2021-09-30) Feria Marrugo, Yerlin; Romero Mendoza, Angela Andrea
    The research arises from the need to strengthen initial reading in second grade students at the Rodrigo de Triana IED school in Kennedy 8 town. The study was qualitative of an action research type that sought the confluence of both the voices of the researcher and the participants with a view to transforming the problem raised. From the socio-critical approach, the classroom teacher of the 203 course and researcher, taking into account the theoretical references and background consulted, raised ideas that enriched an intervention proposal based on nursery rhymes. This proposal was developed with a group of 13 students selected for having difficulty in initial reading and having access to computers with internet service who actively participated. The information gathering techniques that were applied were: field diary, artifacts and recordings. For the analysis of the information, the emptying matrices and the final reading tests were used. As a result, the students who participated in the development of the workshops made this a wonderful pedagogical experience and were benefited with motivating activities that made children's songs a space to strengthen reading skills.
  • Ítem
    Estrategias lúdicas para el favorecimiento del proceso de producción escrita en los niños de grado tercero del colegio Distrital José Martí
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Educación, Maestría en Dificultades de Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2021-07-09) Guevara Saray, Libia Magdari; Zamudio González, Rosa Daisy
    This research has as general objetive the description of ludic strategies for the favoring of the written production in the students of third grade of the district school José Martí, for this purpose, in the first instance, the school results of eight students belonging to the population sample were analyzed and contrasted with some of their textual productions, in order to determine the relation of textual production difficulties with school performance; it was also made a description of the difficulties of written production of third grade students from the perspective of teachers. The results of the analysis of the information collected through qualitative methodology based on action research in the classroom, revealing that third grade students of the José Martí district school have a low level of written production, showing special deficiencies in the categories of cohesion and coherence described by Cassany (1989), it is also found that these low levels of written production are closely related to low academic performance. Finally, in order to favor the students' written production processes, a didactic sequence based on playfulness was proposed as a pedagogical strategy.
  • Ítem
    Mejoramiento de la lectura inferencial mediante el fortalecimiento de habilidades de comprensión con apoyo de un blog
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Maestría en Dificultades del Aprendizaje, Bogotá, 2017) Espitia Espinosa, Nancy Yaneth; Ortiz Zamora, Adriana María
    In general, reading is taught by means of a process, which ends in interpretative, argumentative and propositive abilities. In this investigation, elements, which are foundation of inferential reading performances, were taken and they were used in developing an improving strategy with fourth level of basic school students in Instituto Tecnico Industrial Piloto in Bogota. The main goal of this investigation was improving de performance levels in inferential reading with students by means of observation, comparison and deductive abilities improvement, with the help of a blog as classroom tool. The proposal was developed by means of implementation of reading tasks designed to work in abilities and potentiation of inferential reading in a systematic and continuous way. At the end of proposal, it was demonstrated a significative improvement in student’s performances giving validation the goals achievement. Finally, it is wanted to present this investigation as a reflexive point of view for teachers, students and anyone who wishes to improve performance levels in inferential reading, and to invite them exploring the strategy elements and its usefulness in pedagogical labor activities.