Intervención comunitaria


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  • Ítem
    Fortalecimiento de las estrategias de afrontamiento para la recuperación emocional de las mujeres víctimas de violencia sexual en el marco del conflicto armado
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-07-27) Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia; Pinto Mantilla, Shirly Geraldine; Caroprese Araque, Neyla Yenifer; Peñaloza Rincón, Yolimar; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
    Sexual violence generates a serious and differentiated symbolic impact in patriarchal societies such as Colombia, since it brings with it a social and cultural view of degradation and punishment towards women, as well as humiliation of the enemy and their community; this constitutes it in a form of violence that generates irreparable damage, such as physical elimination or torture. Despite the magnitude of this crime, in the context of the armed conflict there is low coverage in terms of the responsibility of the actors. However, the testimony of the women victims assumes and highlights the high prevalence of paramilitary groups in this type of action, followed by guerrillas and members of the public force (National Center for Historical Memory, 2013). In Colombia there are 9,057,952 people recognized as victims and included in the RUV Single Registry of Victims, uniquely identified either by their identification number, their full name or a combination of them. Of which there are 32,697 due to the victimizing act Crimes against freedom and sexual integrity in the development of the armed conflict, of which according to the report of the UARIV (Unit for Comprehensive Care and Reparation for Victims) at the court of 30 April 2020 29035 are wome.Each of the typologies brings personal, family, social and community repercussions. Women experience fear, sadness, depression, shame; sometimes, as a result of the fact, they suffer from sexually transmitted diseases, rejection by their partners and/or relatives and, in the case of girls and boys born as a result of the violence imparted to them, indeterminate feelings. Regarding the latter, it is clarified that the Law recognizes the inclusion in the Single Registry of Victims of the sons and daughters born as a result of the crime and have the right to full reparation. Sexual violence is typified in the Colombian Penal Code under the title of “crimes against freedom, integrity 1.1. Sexual conceptualization and formation”, in which behaviors of violent carnal access, violent sexual act, carnal access or sexual act in person made incapable of resisting abusive sexual acts are sanctioned. Likewise, in the Second Title of said Code, reference is made to crimes against persons and property protected by International Humanitarian Law —DIH—, and violent carnal access to a protected person, sexual acts to a protected person, forced prostitution and sexual slavery (Ministry of Justice and Law, Unit for Victims and Ombudsman, 2012). With the foregoing, the contribution of the project to these women victims of sexual violence is to strengthen these coping strategies, understood as those constantly changing cognitive and behavioral processes that develop specific external and/or internal demands that are evaluated as surplus or overflowing with the resources of the community. individual (Lazarus and Folkman, 1986, p. 164), and thus achieve emotional recovery.
  • Ítem
    Fortalecimiento de procesos socioambientales en los hogares de las mujeres afrodescendientes del asentamiento Villa Esperanza, Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización Intervención Comuntaria, 2022-07-06) Meza Forero, Jenny María; Parada Villamizar, Maira Alejandra; Kelly Yasira, Valencia Valencia; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia A.
  • Ítem
    Prevención del reclutamiento forzado de niños, niñas y adolescentes en el Asentamiento Humano Pescadito - Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-07-13) Carrillo Contreras, Yulia Pamela; Jara Pérez, Lida Milena; Mateus Suaterna, Richard Eissember; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
  • Ítem
    Programa de atención psicosocial para las personas transgénero que ejercen prostitución en Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-07-06) Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia; Ceballos Zuluaga, Diana Carolina; Cisneros Rivas, Laura Esmeralda; Sequeda Segovia, Leidy Johanna; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
    Transgender people, understood within the document also as trans or transgender (Sentence T-771/13, 2013) , historically and even today under a critical look of the present XXI century for the context of Colombia as in other Latin American countries, are part of the invisibilized population groups, exposed to greater situations of risk and systematic violation of rights, despite the wide existence of international and national laws that demand the guarantee of their human, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, as persons of special protection (García, 2017). Although there is still a long way to go, little by little with the passage of time some of the lags of history on traditional imaginaries that affect trans people have been changing in the most influential sectors of society such as science, beginning to demystify and open the field by assuming another way of perceiving diversity, which has been permeated by heteronormative belief systems; is the case of the health field, for which until 2018, being transgender ceases to be assumed as a pathology in the international classification of diseases within its section of mental and behavioral disorders ( De Benito, 2018). This event has marked a milestone in the path regarding the understanding of diversity as part of human nature, representing a scientific advance in actions that impact and reconfigure the notions from a different way of perceiving and developing gender identity; since, the institutionality internationally recognizes the responsibility that the whole society has in front of inclusive and integrative social processes, providing one more tool for the restoration of rights. Now, landed to the Araucanian territory, part of the reality that the transgender population lives, is to be surrounded by situations that expose them to risks and dangers, both for their welfare and that of their families, being a population subject to denigrating acts of aggression, mistreatment and violence, with the intention of damaging their honor or integrity as well as to end their lives, this at the margin of the context of armed conflict present in the region (Caribe afirmativo, 2022). The transgender community in the municipality of Arauca has been present but invisible due to the effects of the armed conflict, which has been configured against them with the motivation of a "better social order" to their detriment, either because of their gender identity or the illegal activities they perform, along with other socio-culturally differential elements that distinguish them (Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica [CNMH], 2021). The population growth of transgender people has arisen due to the Venezuelan migration crisis that occurred 6 years ago, a fact that in parallel has called for the increased intervention of international cooperation agencies, which in carrying out their humanitarian actions in the guarantee of human, civil and political rights, have made to rethink the psychosocial logic with differential approaches for comprehensive care around the vulnerable population, such as transgender people with diverse gender identity. The following project allows us to generate attention to the problems that underlie the context of the trans population, understanding the social reality of the region and identifying how to contribute to inclusion, social integration and decrease gender inequality; according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR, 2018), all types of behaviors that are signs of social rejection and discrimination, acts that constitute a differentiated, unfair and unequal treatment due to gender identity different from the "common of society", should no longer be validated from any environment of interaction.
  • Ítem
    Fortalecimiento del Proyecto de Vida de Estudiantes de educación media del Colegio Agropecuario Araucano
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-07-06) Martínez Graterol, Marco Alirio; Torres Belisario, María del Pilar; José Rafael, Vivas Núñez; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
    A life project is the direction that a person sets for their own existence based on their values, plans actions with the aim of meeting their goals in various situations and in different scenarios of their personal, professional, family or occupation life. A person can decide to study a career to work in a certain profession, or choose a partner, even decide their exercises for the next day, feeling satisfied or, on the contrary, disagreeing with a particular situation, and it is there, where they reflect on alternatives. of the future life as a plan or project. Expanding on what was described above, the Ibero-American Journal of Social and Humanist Sciences publishes the article called "Learning Approaches and the Life Project in Young People in SLP High Schools", commenting on the following: Martínez (2012) " Some authors are inclined to associate the life project with various terms, typical of their professional or experiential expertise. Rogers (1980), associates it with the process of self-orientation; Nutin (1963) with motivation and self-development; Pelletuer in Carbonero (1997), poses it as a development in the construction of the vocational project and Rodríguez-Moreno (2003) describes it as professional guidance and tutorial action within the framework of the professional project. This last author comments that the professional project is an existential question and that the main category could be the life project, which can lead to professional, family and/or academic projects. Therefore, it is important to highlight that the configuration of the life project is a challenge for every human being. The factors that determine its construction are diverse. Among them, poor maturity, lack of identity, conflictive personality, problematic socio-family environment or school failure can be mentioned. Complementing the above, it is appropriate to mention that D'Angelo (1999), analyzes and comments, that the transition from adolescence to youth fosters significant and diverse changes, expanding the social and personal experience, that is, the adolescent approaches the world of adult, their identity, their values, norms that change and that are assumed from a more personal point of view. Therefore, the construction and realization of a life project (LP), implies a study of socio-family, psychosocial factors and the interaction with the environment of each individual; It is considered important that middle school students, that is, tenth and eleventh graders in secondary school, have a clear vision to strengthen their life project, even before completing their secondary education level. It is there where the concern arises to identify what variables affect their planning? Are adolescents even prepared to start this process that will mark their future? How can educational institutions implement in their curricula transversal axes focused on teaching about life projects, as a comprehensive education for their future? According to D'Angelo (1999), this exercise is a "choice of his future life, it becomes a process of self-determination". For this, an academic orientation is promoted on their possible life project, where the student is allowed to express their ideas and future intentions, but, above all, where their capacities, conditions and opportunities can be identified. It is noteworthy that educational institutions have an important role in the comprehensive training of students in personal, professional and group development, for this, it seeks to address the secondary education students of the Araucano Municipal Agricultural College, developing the implementation of strategies pedagogical that promote the strengthening of the conception of a life project. The perception of adolescents who attend tenth and eleventh grades in the mentioned institution, will allow that, from their knowledge, their environment and context, they can make known their appreciation of a future in the short, medium and long term. Vasquez (2008). Added to this and contextualizing what was mentioned by Edgar Morín in his book, "The Seven Necessary Knowledges for the Education of the Future" and published by UNESCO in 1999, where he expresses that the blindness of education often did not allow subjects to learn to think critically, which could generate an attitude of not being open to knowledge. He mentioned the importance of "teaching the methods that allow us to grasp the mutual relations and the reciprocal influences between the parts and the whole in a complex world (p2)". Now, Vásquez (2008) alludes that Zygmunt Bauman (2008) mentions the term "liquid modernity", taking this terminology in a disruptive way, but according to modern reality, where society and its human relations become ambiguous, eventual, unstable and ephemeral. In his analysis, he describes the spheres of the human being, which today is characterized, among other spheres, by constantly changing jobs or professions, consumption is framed in the logic of buying not out of necessity but rather out of pleasure, and in terms of identity the individual leaves the traditional to seek his ideals and his personality, concluding that couple relationships do not seek a commitment or formalize a family.
  • Ítem
    Adecuadas prácticas socio ambientales en el asentamiento informal Villa Estrella - Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-07-06) Zuluaga Arias, Claudia Milena; Herrera González, Sergio Andrés; Marchena Cedeño, Yuri Carina; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
  • Ítem
    Cumplimiento de la Política pública de inclusión laboral de personas en condición de discapacidad en empresas públicas y privadas en el Municipio de Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-02-04) Aguilera Galindez, Zaida Yesenya; Becerra Mendoza, Maria Rosa; Ramirez Ruedas, Yurley; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
  • Ítem
    Conciliación cultural Sikuani-Occidental mediante las TIC’s en el municipio de Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-02-16) Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia; Rozo Bautista, Maricela; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
  • Ítem
    El poder de las masculinidades corresponsables en hombres de 18 a 40 años en el municipio de Arauca
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-01-26) Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia; Florez Duque, Melissa Yiceth; Gonzalez Sanabria, Elena Yuliethe; de Oro Romero, Yulieth; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea
  • Ítem
    Intervención psicosocial para la promoción de salud mental y prevención de conductas suicidas en estudiantes de grados 9, 10 y 11 de la Institución Educativa De Puerto Rondón
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Posgrado, Especialización en Intervención Comunitaria, Arauca, 2022-01-27) Albarracin, Miriam Yulieth; Beltran Moreno, Jenny Faride; Llanes Pena, Alexander; Camargo Bastidas, Sonia Andrea