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  • Ítem
    Componentes del programa de promoción y prevención en salud bucal dirigido a la infancia y adolescentes en la especialización de periodoncia y oseointegración desde 2018 a 2019
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia y Oseointegracion, Bogotá, 2023) Castaño Jiménez, Julian Esteban; Ortiz Perez, Ana Maria; Romo Navarro, Andrea Fernanda; González Bernal, María Alejandra
    Dental caries is a preventable and non-communicable disease that affects the general population. In order to improve quality of life, programs for Oral Health Promotion and Prevention are carried out. The objective of this study was to describe the promotion and prevention program in health aimed at children and adolescents by students of the Specialization in Periodontics and Osseointegration during 2018-2019. Method. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, including data from students aged 9 to 14 years in four educational institutions. Information was extracted from final documents obtained from the health and community department's archive, such as permission requests, standardization of criteria, fieldwork, survey on lifestyle and oral health, activities mediated by information and communication technologies, information processing, and sharing of achievements. Results. Out of a total of 137 individuals, information was obtained from 96 of them. In terms of gender, more women participated in 2018, unlike 2019 where there was a higher percentage of men. Good levels of knowledge, attitudes, and practices in oral health and lifestyle were found, but deficiencies were observed in the etiology and foundations of oral diseases. A strategy mediated by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) was proposed in each institution, mainly through videos and an interactive game in one institution. Conclusions. The activities focused on supervised tooth brushing techniques and caries risk assessment.
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    Relación de diagnóstico y tratamiento pacientes atendidos en el posgrado de Periodoncia y Oseointegración de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Bogotá desde 2018 a 2021.
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia y Osteointegración, Bogotá, 2023-08-03) Gonzalez Rojas, Cristhian Alexis; Berrio Gomez , Cindy Milena; Roa Cuesta, Yenith Patricia; González Bernal , María Alejandra
    Introduction: Periodontal disease is preventable and affects the general population. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the diagnosis and treatment of patients in the periodontics and oseointegration clinics of the Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bogotá branch, between 2018 and 2021.Method: This was a descriptive correlational study. A total of 262 clinical records with informed consent were analyzed. Records with diagnoses according to the Armitage classification of 1999, deletions, alterations, or lacking the instructor's signature were excluded. The information was organized in a Microsoft Excel database for statistical analysis. Qualitative variables were presented as frequencies and percentages, while quantitative variables were expressed as means and standard deviations. The chi-square test was used to correlate diagnosis and treatment with a 95% confidence level. Results: Out of the 245 analyzed clinical records, 64.5% were women. The majority belonged to socioeconomic stratum 3 (44.1%), followed by stratum 2 (41.2%). Arterial hypertension (14.4%) was more frequent in patients aged 45 to 64, followed by diabetes (2.2%) within the same age range. 90.6% of the patients did not present periodontal disease at the time of consultation. The most common diagnosis for both men (25.3%) and women (21.7%) was stage I, grade A periodontitis. Significant differences were found between the frequency of systemic diseases and socioeconomic strata (p < 0.001), as well as between periodontal treatments and age groups (p < 0.01). Conclusions: It is important to consider age and socioeconomic stratum in the epidemiology of periodontal disease, as well as systemic diseases and socioeconomic factors.
  • Ítem
    Caracterización de la comunidad microbiana y vías metabólicas bacterianas presentes en el microbioma subgingival de pacientes con periodontitis crónica de la clínica de posgrados de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia Campus Pasto.
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia, Pasto, 2023-07-05) Ceballos Guasmayan, Natalia Alejandra; Narvaez Castillo, Joanna Alexandra; Fong Reales, Cristian Javier; Cifuentes Cardona, Laura Fernanda; Coral Herrera, Sandra Marysol; Guauque Olarte, Sandra Milena
    The oral microbiome is a set of microorganisms that coexist on different surfaces of the oral cavity, some of these bacteria have been implicated in oral diseases such as periodontitis, which is one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. Recent advances in molecular biology have facilitated analyzes of the oral microbiome; However, their functions, such as their metabolic activities, are not well understood. The purpose of this study is to characterize the microbial community and bacterial metabolic pathways expressed in patients with stage III and IV periodontitis treated at the Postgraduate Clinic of the Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto campus.
  • Ítem
    Características Clínicas Periodontales Durante El Embarazo En Relación Con Las Creencias, Conocimientos, Actitudes Y Practicas En Salud Oral De Mujeres En Estado De Gestación De Los Municipios De Los Andes, La Llanada e IPS Intercultural Indígena Gran Cumbal En El Departamento De Nariño
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia, Pasto, 2023-07-31) Beltrán Díaz, Nidia Maria; Díaz Morales, Miguel Ángel; Fuelagan Alpala, Jovanni Alexander; Coral Herrera, Marysol
    Clinical studies have shown that oral tissues can be affected by pregnancy. Pregnancy-related changes are more frequent and marked in the gingival tissue. Pregnancy does not cause gingivitis, but it can aggravate pre-existing disease. The most marked changes are seen in the gingival vasculature. The characteristic of pregnancy gingivitis is that the gum is dark red, inflamed, soft and bleeds easily. Women with pregnancy gingivitis can sometimes develop localized gingival enlargements. Gingival changes usually resolve within a few months postpartum if local irritants are removed. The inflammatory changes are usually restricted to the gingiva and probably do not cause permanent changes in the periodontal tissues more frequently than in the non-pregnant state.
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    Asociación del polimorfismo rs861020 del gen IRF6 con respecto a labio y paladar fisurado
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Odontología, Bogotá, 2023-08-03) López Paez , Luisa Fernanda; Pantoja gómez, Laura Paola; Roa Santamaria, Viviana Paola; Ramírez Montaña, Yudy Lorena; Correa Contreras, Angela Maria
    Introduction: LPH is a malformation that occurs between the sixth and tenth week of intrauterine life, separation of the nasal. and buccal. cavities occur internally. The interferon regulatory factor gene IRF6 has been found to regulate gene expression. Several. studies have shown that IRF6 is involved in LPH malformation. Objective: To describe the association of the rs861020 polymorphism of the IRF6 gene predisposing to cleft lip and palate, relating the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this condition between 2016 and 2023. Materials and Methods: Narrative monograph through a literature review between 2016 and 2023, related to the rs861020 polymorphism of the IRF6 gene and the occurrence of cleft lip and palate. Results: We consolidated the information to find the relationship of the rs861020 polymorphism of the IRF6 gene with cleft lip and/or palate. It was found that cleft lip and palate is a congenital malformation of the face and oral. cavity whose ethology is linked to the organogenesis produced between the first days of intrauterine life; among it is the mutation of the IRF6 gene and its association with the rs861020 polymorphism, being important its study since it is a regulator of transcription factors. Conclusion: it was observed that the rs861020 polymorphism of the IRF6 gene has been found to be related to cleft lip and palate with a 95% association in the cases that have been analyzed in different types of studies.
  • Ítem
    Comparación de la calidad de tratamientos ortodónticos evaluada en modelos físicos y digitales según el sistema de evaluación objetiva de la ABO
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Odontología, Especialización en Ortodoncia, Bogotá., 2023-08-23) Trillos Mora, Yegny Katerine; Patiño Méndez, Stephanie; Ñustes Peña, Cristhian Fernando; Delgado Perdomo, Linda Piedad; Peláez Vargas, Alejandro; Ruiz Gómez, Adíela; González Bernal, María Alejandra
    Introduction: In orthodontics, it is essential to have a follow-up of the treatment that includes the evaluation of the clinical results of the treatment. The Objective Grading System (OGS) developed by the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) allows the evaluation of the quality of completed orthodontic treatments. Objective: To compare physical and digital models according to ABO parameters in orthodontic treatments performed in the Orthodontics specialization at the Cooperativa de Colombia University, Bogotá campus, during the period 2017-2021. Method: Retrospective correlational descriptive study of patients with orthodontic treatment completed between 2017 and 2021. Standardized gypsum models and final digitized models were used, as well as panoramic radiographs as sources of information for 32 patients. Each of the variables was evaluated according to ABO parameters in the physical gypsum models, using the grid described by the ABO. The digital method was applied using OrthoCAD software, evaluating the same parameters in digitized models with the iTero scanner. Results: The absolute scores of the manual and digital methods agreed in 75% of cases. The correlation between the scores was high (Spearman's rho = 0.997, p < 0.00001), and the respective averages for manual and digital methods were 30 and 30. The results were approved in 22 patients (69%) and not approved in 10 (31%). Conclusions: No significant differences were found between manual and digital evaluation.
  • Ítem
    Correlación del Polimorfismo Rs2381939 del Gen Msx2 con Medidas Cefalométricas Altamente Heredables en Maloclusiones Esqueléticas
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Ortodoncia, Pasto, 2023-07-27) Burbano Patiño, Consuelo Ines; Fajardo Solarte, Diana Stefany; Tobar Armero, Anyela Sthefannia; Cristian Javier Fong Reales, Asesor; Laura Fernanda Cifuentes Cardona, Asesora; Erika Argote Arciniegas , Asesora; Luis Andres Salas Zambrano , Asesor
    Skeletal malocclusions are craniofacial alterations influenced by environmental and genetic factors. Orthodontically, several genes that can affect craniofacial structures have been investigated. MSX2 is a Homebox type gene that regulates embryonic development. Genetic variants in this gene lead to craniofacial malformations. This work aims to establish whether MSX2 is related to angular and linear cephalometric measurements of heritability in skeletal malocclusions. 76 individuals were taken from the Orthodontics Clinic of the Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia Campus Pasto; adults, finished their growth, a saliva sample was taken, later their DNA was extracted and the genotyping of the rs2381939 polymorphism of the MSX2 gene was extracted. Lateral skull radiographs were taken, analyzing the cephalometrics of Kim and McNamara's triangle. The association of the rs2381939 polymorphism with these cephalometric measurements was determined by means of contingency tables and linear regressions. Most of the individuals presented normal overbite (53%), followed by open bite (37%) and deep bite (10%). The classification of anteroposterior dysplasia (APDI) 46% were class III, 29% class II and 25% class I. In Effective Maxillary Length, 59.21% increased, 21.05% decreased and 19.73% normal; while in Effective Mandibular Length 60.52% increased, and decreased and normal presented the same proportion (19.73%). Regarding the Maxilo-mandibular Difference, 52.63% was increased, 30.26% decreased and 17.10% normal. The frequency of the genotypes in rs2381939, 63.15% AG, 32.89% GG and 3.94% GG. The allelic frequency was A=36% and G=64%. The rs2381939 was associated with APDI x2= 9.8957 (p-value = 0.04). This association shows that the inheritance of an A allele decreases the mean value of this cephalometric measurement. It was possible to establish that the MSX2 gene is associated with APDI, this indicates that it may have an influence on the skeletal relationship of the anteroposterior plane, this function is probably due to its role as a transcription factor, regulating the action of the genes that are expressed in this skull area.
  • Ítem
    Evaluación del Impacto del L-PRF en la Estabilidad Primaria de Implantes Dentales Medida a Través del Índice ISQ: Umbrella Review
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia, Pasto, 2023-07-31) de la Rosa Eraso, Paula Andrea; Paz Sola, Nathalia Marilyn; Restrepo Vélez, Yeny Andrea; Hernan Dario Muñoz Alvear, Asesor; Dayana Moreno Santacruz, Asesora
    Dental implantology has become one of the most widely used treatment options for partially or totally edentulous patients. Without the risk of damaging natural teeth, dental implants act as artificial roots in the upper and lower jaw and thus mechanically support various fixed and removable prosthetic attachments. Its established mechanical stability forms the biological basis for its successful use in everyday life. Immediately after implant placement, adequate primary stability must be achieved by mechanically anchoring the implant to the surrounding bone, providing the necessary mechanical microenvironment for progressive bone healing, also known as osseointegration. In Sweden in the 1960s, Dr. Branemark and his colleagues accidentally discovered the mechanism by which titanium adheres to bone. Branemark became interested in the problems of bone microcirculation and wound healing. To do this, he used a well-known technique: the vital microscope, which introduces an observation camera into a rabbit's tibia. In this way, circulation and cellular changes in living tissue can be observed. When the titanium chamber was used and placed with a non-traumatic technique, an important event occurred: upon removal, it was found that the bone adhered very strongly. strength to metal, when placed in the mouth and can become a support for various types of dentures. This phenomenon is called osseointegration, which is the structural union that occurs between the surface of the implant and the living bone subjected to masticatory loads.
  • Ítem
    Tratamiento de ortodoncia en dientes con SAR verdades y mitos
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Ortodoncia, Medellín y Envigado, 2023-06-20) Castaño Echeverry , Martha Lia; Velez Trujillo, Natalia; Blandon, Ana Maria