Desarrollo integral de la infancia y la adolescencia


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  • Ítem
    Estrategia de intervención educativa para el desarrollo de la inteligencia emocional en adolescentes de la Fundación Educativa de Montelíbano
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Epidemiología, Santa Marta, 2023-08-22) Corena Benítez, Francia Elena; Pérez Correa, Kethy Luz
    The present research aims to study emotional difficulties and behavioral disorders in adolescents from the Montelíbano Educational Foundation, analyzing their relationship with academic performance for the design of an educational intervention strategy that promotes the development of emotional intelligence and their overall growth. To carry out the study, a sample of 45 adolescents aged between 13 and 15 years was selected. Three assessment tools were used: the scale for the assessment of expression, management, and recognition of emotions (TMMS- 24), the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and the Jolliffe and Farrington Empathy Scale. A detailed description of the variables of gender, age, academic performance, and emotional intelligence was conducted, followed by an exploratory analysis of the relationships between academic performance, emotional intelligence, empathy, and self-esteem to examine possible associations among them.
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    Inclusión educativa de niños y niñas con dificultades del aprendizaje de dos instituciones educativas de Santa Marta, Colombia
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Maestría en Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral de Niños (Virtual), Santa Marta, 2023-08-18) Ortega Muñoz, Breidis; Benavides De Vega, Ligia Inés; Fernandez Daza, Martha
    The objective of this study is to analyze the inclusive education processes in boys and girls with learning difficulties, to recognize that inclusion goes beyond diversity that we are all different and it is this difference that makes us learn at different rates. Learning difficulties are manifest disorders that prevent the acquisition of knowledge in its entirety and can occur in specific areas of the brain. For its part, educational inclusion is a model that seeks to meet the learning needs of children to such an extent that it seeks to offer quality education. The type of research in this study was carried out using a cross-sectional and non-experimental design through a mixed analysis of descriptive scope. For this purpose, the Inclusion Index instrument was used. With this design, the indexes of educational inclusion in children with learning difficulties in two educational institutions (IE) in Santa Marta, Colombia, are reported through the analysis of indicators and areas of institutional management.
  • Ítem
    Diseño de un programa de inteligencia emocional basado en la lúdica para niños de básica primera en zona rural de Santa Marta (Colombia)- PEREGRIN-
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Maestría en Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral de Niños (Virtual), Santa Marta, 2023) Clavijo Ariza , Zulma De Jesús; Delgado Rivero, Tatiana; Luz Peñaranda, Dina; Suarez Colorado, Yuli
    The emotions are an intrinsic part of human beings and are present throughout life and in different contexts, including schools. However, nowadays schools have focused primarily on intellectual development, neglecting the emotional dimension and ignoring its impact on mental health, psychological adjustment, coexistence, and academic performance. This study arises from the urgent need to develop emotional competencies in students of Primary Education at the Intercultural District Educational Institution "Nueva Colombia de la Sierra Nevada" - Branch 2, in the city of Santa Marta. This will be done through a program based on playful activities tailored to the specific needs of the context. The research was conducted using a mixed-methods approach, which allowed us to gather, analyze, and integrate quantitative data through the application of the Baron's Emotional Intelligence Scale. Additionally, qualitative data analysis was conducted based on a structured interview and a focus group involving primary school teachers directly involved in the study. Following the mixed-methods approach, the project adopted a sequential explanatory design, which involved integrating and interpreting the findings to produce the study report.
  • Ítem
    Sentido de comunidad en la escuela, funcionalidad familiar y riesgo de suicidio en adolescentes del municipio de San Pedro Valle
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Psicología, Santa Marta, 2022) Rodríguez Barona, Ángela María; Rodríguez Barona, Ángela María; Mg. Yuli Paola Suarez Colorado, Dra. Sara Josefina Zabaraín Cogollo
    Study with a quantitative descriptive correlational approach that aims to establish the association between the sense of community at school, family functionality and suicide risk in adolescents from the José Antonio Aguilera Educational Institution in the municipality of San Pedro, Valle. The sample consisted of 169 adolescents of both sexes between the ages of 13 and 17, to whom the 9-item Plutchink suicide risk scale, the family Apgar score, and the sense of community scale at school were applied. In relation to the results, regarding the risk of suicide in adolescents in the municipality of San Pedro from the José Antonio Aguilera Educational Institution, it is identified that 45% of the participating adolescents have a high risk of suicide and 55% have a high risk of suicide. low suicide risk. Regarding the characterization of family functionality, it is identified that 36.1% have low family functionality, 32.5% have medium family functionality and 31.4% have high family functionality. The characterization of the sense of community in the school identified that 39.1% of the participating adolescents have a low perception, 28.4% a medium perception and 32.5% a high perception. A significant negative correlation was found between family function and suicidal risk, that is, the higher the family functionality, the lower the suicidal risk, while no relationship was found between the sense of community and suicidal risk.
  • Ítem
    Habilidades sociales y rendimiento académico en adolescentes del Colegio Octavio Daza Daza de la ciudad de Valledupar
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Maestría en Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral de Niños y Adolescentes, Santa Marta, 2023-03-28) López Castellar, Maira Alejandra
    The present study was developed under a quantitative approach, since this allowed to show the results using descriptive and inferential statistics. It is of a correlational type, taking into account that it seeks to establish the relationship between social skills and academic performance of adolescents belonging to the population sample, schooled individuals between the ages of 13 to 17 years. The applied instrument was the Social Skills Scale (EHS) and regarding the collection of academic averages, the academic coordination of the educational institution was requested. This was carried out at a time of cross-sectional study. The population sample was established by means of a non-probability sampling for convenience and consists of 55 adolescents from the Octavio Daza Daza School in the city of Valledupar. Among the highlights of the data analysis: the normality of the variables was explored with the Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, but also with the Q-Q graph. Additionally, the assumptions of homogeneity of variances and independence of observations were evaluated using the Levene and Wald-Wolfowitz2 tests, respectively, without finding relevant inconsistencies. Within the findings, there was no correlation between social skills and academic performance, however, there are some significant differences between sex and the exercise of these. This finding allows us to suggest the importance of continuing to expand the study of social skills from the educational context, taking into account numerous variables that depend on said context. However, given the relevance that is evidenced in the numerous studies carried out on social skills, where their importance for adaptation to the social environment is highlighted, it is recommended to carry out social skills programs.
  • Ítem
    La teoría de la imprevisión y el derecho a la vivienda digna
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, Derecho, Bogotá, 2006-11-04) Rivas Henríquez, Nina Maciel; Castaño, José Guillermo
    The importance of the study of this thesis lies in the role that theories have played during the course of time, such is the case of the "THEORY OF IMPREVISION" with respect to the study and evolution of law, being these a model of application to each branch of the subject that provides us with tools for the defense of many rights, and constituting in many opportunities in jurisprudence of the highest courts with which conflicts of a legal nature are settled, thus fulfilling the true raison d'être of law as an evolutionary science. Going back in time, it can be observed that throughout history there have been attempts to consecrate the Theory of the Imprevision as one of the main oppositions to which one can resort in defense of rights, since it has been fully accepted and has been the subject of consecration of many scholars. Even today, in spite of its wide acceptance, the theory of unforeseeability has not acquired a complete line and development. It is still applied in a partial way, arguing each time different postulates in its acceptance, even more, when the fact of accepting it definitively would imply questioning principles of law that had even become true dogmas, such as the Principle of the Autonomy of Will or the principle of Contractual Liability, among others, to the extent that by accepting that a relative impossibility of economic order, supervening of a contract with projection in time, due to facts totally alien to the parties, may generate the revision of the contract or its termination.
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    Relación entre bienestar subjetivo, autoestima y participación escolar en adolescentes
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Maestría en Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral de Niños y Adolescentes, Santa Marta, 2023-02-23) Mendoza Lara, Enna; Sara Zabarain Cogollo
    In recent decades, wellness research has gained relevance for its impact on personal development and empowerment. This structure is relevant to the concept of happiness because psychology considers that happy individuals tend to perform better socially, have higher aspirations and total control over their environment. Therefore, it is necessary to know what makes some people happier than others, which is why this study called "Relationship between subjective well-being, self-esteem and school participation in adolescents in the city of Santa Marta" is characterized by the independent measurement and through psychometric tests, of the level of the variables in question. For the purposes of this research, the Scale of Positive Affects and Negative Affects (PANAS) was applied to measure the variable Subjective Well-being, the Self-Esteem Scale corresponding to the Questionnaire for the Evaluation of Problems in Adolescents (Q-PAD) and the School Participation Scale (EPE) to 336 adolescents from educational institutions in the city of Santa Marta, Colombia; so that it is possible to analyze their incidence and interrelation in the population of adolescents, and thus obtain significant information that allows the promotion of well-being, self-esteem and school participation and guarantee of rights of this population in applied contexts such as school.
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    Relación entre el miedo al covid-19 y el bienestar subjetivo en el talento humano que trabaja con niños, niñas y adolescentes en Barrancabermeja y Buenaventura (Colombia)
    (Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Maestría en Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral de Niños y Adolescentes, Santa Marta, 2022-02-24) López Ortiz, Rosibel; Rentería García, Yesenia; Martin Carbonell, Marta; Suárez Colorado, Yuly
    The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) represented a public health emergency on an international, national and local scale, which affected the physical and mental well-being of people, generating consequences at the individual and community level.Teachers were some of the professionals who were most affected by this pandemic; For this reason, the following study prioritizes establishing the relationship between fear of COVID 19 and subjective well-being in the human talent that works with children and adolescents, The majority of the participants were teachers and human talent who carry out their work with children and adolescents in the districts of Barrancabermeja and Buenaventura Colombia, since in these two departments there were a greater number of infections.For the study, a non-probabilistic-intentional sampling was used, the Satisfaction with Life Scale scales were applied. Diener et al., (1985), Scale of positive and negative affects. Diener et al. (2009; 2010), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S). Cassiani et al., (2021). As results, it was found that the fear of Covid-19 is related to subjective well-being, particularly with negative affect; and life satisfaction is related to positive affect.