- ÍtemAnálisis de la competitividad de la ciudad de Medellín, Antioquia(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022) Ibarguen Espitia, Karen Michel; Garzon Camacho, Rene AlexanderCompetitiveness in cities is measured by 13 pillars that are: Infrastructure and Equipment, Institutions, ICT Adoption, Environmental Sustainability, Health, Education Basic and High School, Higher Education and Work Training, Business Environment, Labor Market, Sophistication and diversification, Financial System, Market Size, and Innovation. The analysis of competitiveness is important in a city like Medellín, which it is constantly being renewed both in terms of infrastructure and productivity. The competitiveness facilitates sustained economic growth and offers citizens better living conditions, there is a relationship between competitiveness, increased productivity and the increase in the income of citizens, which is reflected in a higher quality of life. (Medellin Como vamos, s.f) Next, the performance obtained by Medellín AM will be analyzed, in the 13 pillars during the last 5 years (2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018).
- ÍtemDesarrollo territorial en el Carmen de Carupa: análisis de la relación entre declive poblacional y declive productivo entre 1993 y 2022(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2023-07-06) Pico Clavijo, Laura Tatiana; Galindo Arénas, Cristhian Andrés; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoPopulation decline is a demographic dynamic that refers to a temporary or long-term decrease in the population, the economic and social dynamics of a particular region during a given period of time. This phenomenon is related to the processes of deindustrialization, globalization, and suburbanization, and is also directly related to the decline in fertility and the aging of the population, in addition to demographic changes. The junction between the modernization and urbanization processes are potential effects in the sense of demographic changes and their impact on the economic development of each territory, this being a demonstration that as the population ages, the productive level is lost, defining the limits of the economically active population causing an eminent territorial differential in each of the related areas to provide a decent quality of life and with the essential principles of well-being.
- ÍtemBioeconomía, sostenibilidad y diversificación productiva: revisión de literatura entre 2015 y 2022(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2023-02-23) Bello Joya, Stefania Andrea; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoThe course of the present document under which a literature analysis on the Bioeconomy is being carried out, addressed a very valuable framework of analysis, both practical and theoretical, in which the possibilities of its contribution towards a sustainable existence were observed. This under fundamental instruments such as documents from different authors. In the same way, a robust and updated bibliography was found, however, it is pertinent to mention the limitations in terms of analysis, the number of articles consulted could have been much larger. And likewise, the involvement of actors where field work existed.
- ÍtemEconomías campesinas, agricultura familiar y sostenibilidad en Colombia. Revisión de literatura(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-09-23) Garcia Amado, María Alejandra; Llanez, Helmer FernandoThroughout this work we seek to explain the peasant economy, agriculture family and its sustainability, knowing each of the factors involved, we will know the importance of family farming in Colombia, which is preponderant, identifying family farms which represent 81.3% of the total of farms in the region and provides, at the country level, between 27% and 67% of the total production food; occupies between 12% and 67% of the agricultural area and generates between 57% and 77% of agricultural employment in the Colombian region. Family farming plays a crucial role since, as shown by the (National Agricultural Census -cna, 2014) yielded important data on the rural reality Colombian. For example, it showed that 82% of agricultural crops represent 6.3% of the total dispersed rural area, which is equivalent to 7 million 115 thousand hectares. These figures give us indicate that family farming corresponds to that form of agricultural production rural area that depends mainly on family work and that constitutes at the same time a unit of production and social reproduction. Family farming in Colombia has various characteristics, especially limited access to land, capital, goods, and public supply services and markets; rural family nuclei Co-evolve in the territories where various strategies are combined in the economic, ecological, political, social and cultural to guarantee their permanence.
- ÍtemAnálisis de elementos que influyen en la propuesta de desarrollo sostenible: perspectivas de desarrollo económico, desequilibrios ambientales y cooperación regional. Revisión de literatura(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-09-08) Penagos Cely, Víctor Camilo; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoFrom the taking of different academic texts through a literary review, different important aspects are contrasted, analyzed and concluded on the projection of decisive decision-making for the environment, where optimal results are wanted for sustainable economic development from a point of view. current view driven by globalization, also wants to address the issue from the point of view of regional alliances to combat the existing relationship between environmental and economic imbalance. In order to provide tools supported from the academic field to be able to transform it and that it be directed towards the path of optimal integration and regional cooperation for the support of an appropriate quality of life, which is driven from the sustainable development objectives described in the 2030 agenda for Latin America and a brief look at Colombia.
- ÍtemEstudio exploratorio del esociacionismo migrante Venezolano en Bogotá (2015 - 2019)(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-08-17) Sánchez Reyes, Angie Paola; Sacristán Rodríguez, Claudia PatriciaThis document adopts as research input the various associations that have been created and today work for the improvement of living conditions, after the arrival of thousands of Venezuelans and Colombians, who had lived for decades in Venezuela, a situation that became the phenomenon of study and on which a journey through a synthesis of the antecedents of the associativity of migrants, as well as the identification of different associations of Venezuelan migrants in Bogotá-Colombia and their functions, whose development will be the central theme of this research.
- ÍtemEl envejecimiento en Colombia: un análisis desde la economía del cuidado 2000-2015(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-06-28) Botero Castro, Alexander; Castellanos Morales, Viviana; Guerrero Samudio, Cindy; Sacristán Rodríguez, Claudia PatriciaThis literature review addresses the problem of care from the perspective of the care economy; this term is used to define the set of activities required for social reproduction: between these food processing, house cleaning, child care, elderly and people on disability status. Another aspect to consider is that most of the housework is done by women and this has limited its development capacity and its foray into the labor market. Also, with reference to theoretical contribution made by some economists, it is evident that the division of labor was made taking into account the corporeal characteristics of female and male gender. Additionally, it explains the legal part that governs in Colombia on the issue of the care economy and how contributes unpaid work the gross domestic product (PIB). This study is prepared by the National Statistics Department (DANE), through the national survey of uses of time. At the end of the study, is analyzed the situation of the older persons in Colombia, showing that this population has tripled in recent years and the economically active population has decreased
- ÍtemDiagnostico para la aplicación de un sistema de mercadeo, en la comercialización de artículos en cuero de “Reno Colombiano Leather Ltda.” En el sector noroccidente de Bogotá D.C.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2004) López Gallego, Henry; Casas Useche, Jacqueline; Galvis Díaz, Sandra Patricia; Rodríguez López, Javier FranciscoDuring the last years, Colombia has had a climate of uncertainty due to the lethargy in which the economy has remained. Despite this, many sectors have managed to get out of the water, trying to prevent this crisis from being so acute and to maintain the levels of production that they previously had. That is why we have wanted to work with one of the sectors that at the time was one of the hardest hit, it is the leather goods sector that, although it has had some declines, has managed to stand out again. Market demand has shown a slight decrease, and largely due to the implementation of two forms of smuggling, on the one hand, the indirect one, which is informal marketing, and on the other, technical smuggling carried out through under-invoicing of products. In this sense, a large part of the foreign products arrive in the country smuggled, without paying taxes and selling at prices that are below the national prices, which has led to to a substantial decrease in the work related to leather goods and for this reason a weak internal demand has been supported. The Colombian production of leather goods has sustained its quality, has remained in the market and is waiting for a recovery of the national economy to continue with the expansion rates reached in the mid-eighties and early 1980s. ninety. For this reason; One of the companies belonging to this sector has been taken for the present study: "Reno Colombian Leather Ltda." A small company that has been in the market for more than six years, which has evolved slowly, but of which we are sure great results can be seen in the future.
- ÍtemAnálisis de las dificultades de financiamiento para la exportación de textiles a EEUU por parte de las pymes ubicadas en Bogotá, 2012 - 2015(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas, Economía, Bogotá., 2022-02-16) Cano Acosta, Jhon Edison; Montoya Quintero, Natalia; Ramírez Gary, Cristhian Felipe; Arango Hurtado, Yamil Alberto