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- ÍtemBioeconomía, sostenibilidad y diversificación productiva: revisión de literatura entre 2015 y 2022(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2023-02-23) Bello Joya, Stefania Andrea; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoThe course of the present document under which a literature analysis on the Bioeconomy is being carried out, addressed a very valuable framework of analysis, both practical and theoretical, in which the possibilities of its contribution towards a sustainable existence were observed. This under fundamental instruments such as documents from different authors. In the same way, a robust and updated bibliography was found, however, it is pertinent to mention the limitations in terms of analysis, the number of articles consulted could have been much larger. And likewise, the involvement of actors where field work existed.
- ÍtemEconomías campesinas, agricultura familiar y sostenibilidad en Colombia. Revisión de literatura(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-09-23) Garcia Amado, María Alejandra; Llanez, Helmer FernandoThroughout this work we seek to explain the peasant economy, agriculture family and its sustainability, knowing each of the factors involved, we will know the importance of family farming in Colombia, which is preponderant, identifying family farms which represent 81.3% of the total of farms in the region and provides, at the country level, between 27% and 67% of the total production food; occupies between 12% and 67% of the agricultural area and generates between 57% and 77% of agricultural employment in the Colombian region. Family farming plays a crucial role since, as shown by the (National Agricultural Census -cna, 2014) yielded important data on the rural reality Colombian. For example, it showed that 82% of agricultural crops represent 6.3% of the total dispersed rural area, which is equivalent to 7 million 115 thousand hectares. These figures give us indicate that family farming corresponds to that form of agricultural production rural area that depends mainly on family work and that constitutes at the same time a unit of production and social reproduction. Family farming in Colombia has various characteristics, especially limited access to land, capital, goods, and public supply services and markets; rural family nuclei Co-evolve in the territories where various strategies are combined in the economic, ecological, political, social and cultural to guarantee their permanence.
- ÍtemAnálisis de elementos que influyen en la propuesta de desarrollo sostenible: perspectivas de desarrollo económico, desequilibrios ambientales y cooperación regional. Revisión de literatura(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-09-08) Penagos Cely, Víctor Camilo; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoFrom the taking of different academic texts through a literary review, different important aspects are contrasted, analyzed and concluded on the projection of decisive decision-making for the environment, where optimal results are wanted for sustainable economic development from a point of view. current view driven by globalization, also wants to address the issue from the point of view of regional alliances to combat the existing relationship between environmental and economic imbalance. In order to provide tools supported from the academic field to be able to transform it and that it be directed towards the path of optimal integration and regional cooperation for the support of an appropriate quality of life, which is driven from the sustainable development objectives described in the 2030 agenda for Latin America and a brief look at Colombia.
- ÍtemEstudio exploratorio del esociacionismo migrante Venezolano en Bogotá (2015 - 2019)(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-08-17) Sánchez Reyes, Angie Paola; Sacristán Rodríguez, Claudia PatriciaThis document adopts as research input the various associations that have been created and today work for the improvement of living conditions, after the arrival of thousands of Venezuelans and Colombians, who had lived for decades in Venezuela, a situation that became the phenomenon of study and on which a journey through a synthesis of the antecedents of the associativity of migrants, as well as the identification of different associations of Venezuelan migrants in Bogotá-Colombia and their functions, whose development will be the central theme of this research.
- ÍtemEl envejecimiento en Colombia: un análisis desde la economía del cuidado 2000-2015(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-06-28) Botero Castro, Alexander; Castellanos Morales, Viviana; Guerrero Samudio, Cindy; Sacristán Rodríguez, Claudia PatriciaThis literature review addresses the problem of care from the perspective of the care economy; this term is used to define the set of activities required for social reproduction: between these food processing, house cleaning, child care, elderly and people on disability status. Another aspect to consider is that most of the housework is done by women and this has limited its development capacity and its foray into the labor market. Also, with reference to theoretical contribution made by some economists, it is evident that the division of labor was made taking into account the corporeal characteristics of female and male gender. Additionally, it explains the legal part that governs in Colombia on the issue of the care economy and how contributes unpaid work the gross domestic product (PIB). This study is prepared by the National Statistics Department (DANE), through the national survey of uses of time. At the end of the study, is analyzed the situation of the older persons in Colombia, showing that this population has tripled in recent years and the economically active population has decreased
- ÍtemDiagnostico para la aplicación de un sistema de mercadeo, en la comercialización de artículos en cuero de “Reno Colombiano Leather Ltda.” En el sector noroccidente de Bogotá D.C.(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2004) López Gallego, Henry; Casas Useche, Jacqueline; Galvis Díaz, Sandra Patricia; Rodríguez López, Javier FranciscoDuring the last years, Colombia has had a climate of uncertainty due to the lethargy in which the economy has remained. Despite this, many sectors have managed to get out of the water, trying to prevent this crisis from being so acute and to maintain the levels of production that they previously had. That is why we have wanted to work with one of the sectors that at the time was one of the hardest hit, it is the leather goods sector that, although it has had some declines, has managed to stand out again. Market demand has shown a slight decrease, and largely due to the implementation of two forms of smuggling, on the one hand, the indirect one, which is informal marketing, and on the other, technical smuggling carried out through under-invoicing of products. In this sense, a large part of the foreign products arrive in the country smuggled, without paying taxes and selling at prices that are below the national prices, which has led to to a substantial decrease in the work related to leather goods and for this reason a weak internal demand has been supported. The Colombian production of leather goods has sustained its quality, has remained in the market and is waiting for a recovery of the national economy to continue with the expansion rates reached in the mid-eighties and early 1980s. ninety. For this reason; One of the companies belonging to this sector has been taken for the present study: "Reno Colombian Leather Ltda." A small company that has been in the market for more than six years, which has evolved slowly, but of which we are sure great results can be seen in the future.
- ÍtemAnálisis de las dificultades de financiamiento para la exportación de textiles a EEUU por parte de las pymes ubicadas en Bogotá, 2012 - 2015(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas, Economía, Bogotá., 2022-02-16) Cano Acosta, Jhon Edison; Montoya Quintero, Natalia; Ramírez Gary, Cristhian Felipe; Arango Hurtado, Yamil Alberto
- ÍtemAnálisis de Literatura sobre las Fintech en las pymes del sector comercial en Colombia(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-02-08) Arévalo Useche, Wendy Dayana; Diaz Vega, Nancy Yaneth; Burgos Ruiz, David Luciano; Llanez Anaya, Helmer FernandoTo begin with, in recent years technology has generated many changes that, together with the progress of artificial intelligence, have made a great advance in people, providing a greater focus on digitization not only in the tasks or activities that are done daily, but also also those related to the use of money. That said, companies and new businessmen have acquired the ability to adapt and evolve their tactics, expressing themselves in one way or another to the conditions or demands of the market they are targeting. Therefore, the financial sector has not been the exception, which has given rise to new financial technologies or also known as Fintech; which are made up of categories, ranging from financial culture, personal and business finance services, including loan disbursements, cryptocurrencies or digital banking, perfect for entities with this type of financial management. When defining the concept of Fintech, this can generate some confusion in people, since it is usually a new term in their language. And it is that, by joining the two words that compose it; finance and technology, you can think of finance, technology, banking, and agility. According to Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA, 2018), Fintech refers to the application of new technologies that are leading financial services to digital transformation. According to Finnovista (2019), an organization dedicated to developing innovation programs and providing information on ecosystems in Latin America and Spain, Colombia ranks third in the Fintech ecosystem after Mexico and Brazil, with an increase of 45% and 78 new startups. Currently, the categories of Fintech that mainly moves in the country are: payments, loans and business finance, the latter contributing 14% of the total with 25 new startups. SMEs in Colombia, according to Law 905 of 2004, are employment units, carried out by a natural or legal person; which each one is classified by the number of assets and the number of employees that the organization has, as well as the annual sales that each one makes. The objective of this article is to investigate the literary information of SME companies in relation to Fintech. SMEs in the country symbolize 80% of the labor force in the entire territory and 90% of the national productive sector. For the purposes of this article, it is intended to carry out a literary analysis of digitization and technology in SMEs in the commercial sector, given that due to the problems that were generated with the start of the healthy crisis of Covid-19, many companies had the need to streamline the process of adapting technology in their daily activities, in order to take flexible measures in the face of the situation, achieving progress in the economy and in the products and services provided to people for a greater cultural process. According to Mckensy (nd), quoted by Redacción Economía (2018), more than half of the SMEs are being conditioned to provide their financial services, since they do not have sufficient permits to expand in the market and in fact many are based in people who lack on the content of said topic. Fintechs have been evolving and this has allowed financial entities to develop training programs for the education of the requirement of the users; and in turn seek resources for greater adaptation to new market niches. The main challenges faced by SMEs in the commercial sector in the country are oriented towards the lack of financial knowledge and its limitations, because they do not have sufficient access to formal credit. In Colombia, small and medium-sized companies are promoted primarily with suppliers and with their own resources and not by financial institutions. Since, they seek to mitigate risk through their internal policies and guidelines, demonstrating how to cover their obligation. That is why this article aims to analyze the literature on new financial technologies in SMEs in Bogotá, Colombia. Especially in the commercial sector and at the same time articulating it with the elements of the Fintech companies that had the greatest adaptation during the pandemic caused by Covid-19, given that by having an acceleration in its implementation they are radically changing the environment of the resources offered by traditional banking and the added value that these can generate.
- ÍtemRevisión de literatura sobre la relación entre antropoceno y economía(universidad cooperativa de Colombia, facultad de ciencias administrativas, economía, Bogotá., 2022-02-02) Vargas Guerrero, David Stiven; Llanez Anaya, Helmer Fernando
- ÍtemAnálisis de literatura sobre educación y desarrollo, análisis desde la relación entre el fortalecimiento de capacidades y desarrollo sostenible(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y Contables, Economía, Bogotá, 2022-01-28) Fandiño Cifuentes, Yuly Katherine; Llanez Anaya, Helmer Fernando