Ciencias de la salud
URI permanente para esta comunidad
Contenidos producidos por la comunidad de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. Incluye temas relacionados con enfermería, epidemiología, medicina, odontología, ortodoncia, ortopedia funcional, periodoncia y oseointegración. Está conformada por trabajos de grado, artículos, imágenes, documentos de trabajo, recursos educativos digitales, libros, capítulos de libros, ponencias, webinars, videos, lecturas críticas, reportes de investigación, consultorías, guías y experiencias significativas.
Examinando Ciencias de la salud por Programa "Especialización en periodoncia"
Mostrando1 - 2 de 2
Resultados por página
Opciones de clasificación
- ÍtemEfectos Clínicos De Productos Antimicrobianos A Base De Cloro Como Coadyuvantes En El Tratamiento De La Enfermedad Periodontal Y Periimplantar(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia, Pasto, 2022-11-02) Guerrero, Nixen Mhayren; Guerrero Noguera, Diego Fernando; Morillo Rosero, Gloria Elizabeth; Muñoz Alvear, Hernán DaríoIn recent years and thanks to multiple studies it has been possible to show that periodontal disease has become a public health problem worldwide, which requires prompt intervention. Periodontal pathologies are of the utmost importance due to their high prevalence and because they cause irreversible damage to the supporting tissues that lead to an avoidable outcome, dental loss, without failing to take into account the interrelationships with the systemic state of individuals, being, in some cases, bidirectional, for which the interventions that lead to their prevention and treatment have an impact on the quality of life of patients and on health systems worldwide. The progress of this pathology is reflected by the loss of dental insertion and can be determined through a clinical examination where inflammatory states are detected in the tissues that surround the teeth, in addition to the presence of bleeding when performing periodontal probing. Likewise, when taking this measure, an increase in probing depth can be evidenced, it is due to these findings that its diagnosis can vary from a simple gingival inflammation to compromising the insertion apparatus of the tooth. Being polymicrobial characteristics, periodontal bag serve as a reservoir of highly invasive anaerobic microorganisms, and sometimes resistant to oral administration antibiotics. This disease normally evolves without pain, silently and does not become really evident until it reaches very advanced phases. The immune system copes with microorganisms as biofilm spreads over tooth surfaces promoting bone loss. The risk factors for this disease are innumerable and common with other chronic non-communicable diseases. Research throughout the world has shown that the predominant periodontal pathogens are motile, anaerobic gram-negative microorganisms, with non-motile, aerobic and facultative anaerobic forms being gram-positive frequently in gingivitis or healthy patients. These microorganisms are present in the dental biofilm, which is one of the main causes of the development of hard and soft tissue diseases in the oral cavity, including periodontal and peri-implant disease, with adverse consequences arising aesthetics and to a greater extent, the loss of teeth or implants, with repercussions on masticatory functionality. In addition, Biofilm is considered the predominant mode of bacterial life, which results in communities of highly structured microorganisms associated with the dental surface that are suspended in a matrix of self produced extracellular substances. In 2010, severe periodontitis was the sixth most prevalent condition, affecting 10.8% or 743 million people worldwide. The agestandardized incidence rate of severe periodontitis in 2010 was 701 cases per-100,000 people each year, increased gradually with age, showing a strong increase between the third and fourth decades of life with a peak incidence around 38 years of age. That is why the additional help of antimicrobial solutions is essential to achieve tissue recovery and obtain a microbiota compatible with health; This is justified because specific periodontal pathogens such as Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tanerella forsythia decrease significantly, but are not eradicated from the periodontal pocket after treatment.
- ÍtemEficacia del reimplante intencional en dientes con afectación periodontal con pronóstico desesperanzador. revisión sistemática(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Especialización en Periodoncia, Pasto, 2023-04-23) Girón Solarte, Geydi Johana; Muñoz Benavides, Daniel Esteban; Jamauca Castillo, Ronal Orlando; Sandra Marysol Coral; Hernán Darío Muñoz.A systematic review of the existing literature on intentional reimplantation in teeth with periodontal involvement and a hopeless prognosis is presented. The authors reviewed a wide variety of studies and analyzed the results to gain a fuller understanding of the efficacy of intentional reimplantation in these cases. Overall, the results suggest that intentional reimplantation may be a viable option in teeth with severe periodontal problems, and may significantly improve the prognosis of the affected tooth. However, further studies are needed to establish the best practices and protocols for intentional reimplantation in these cases. In summary, the systematic review provides valuable and up-to-date information on the use of intentional reimplantation in periodontally affected teeth with a poor prognosis, and can help inform clinical decision-making.