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- ÍtemHuman papillomavirus, Epstein–Barr virus, and Candida albicans co-infection in oral leukoplakia with different degrees of dysplasia(Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Odontología, Bogotá, 2021-04-05) ERIRA, ALVEIRO; ERIRA, ALVEIRO; ROMO, ANDREA; GARCIA, ADRIANA; ERIRA, ALVEIROObjectives: To identify human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), and Candida albicans in oral leukoplakia with different degrees of dysplasia. Materials and methods: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was per formed using 30 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues from patients with clinical suspicion of leukoplakia and confirmed diagnosis of oral dysplasia. Histological analyses were performed by two pathologists (interobserver) and dysplasias were classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Conventional PCR was used to detect HPV and EBV viruses and C. albicans. To determine the association between each microor ganism with different degrees of dysplasia a Chi-square test was employed. Results: The tongue was the most common site for leukoplakias (71.4%) in females with a mean age of 50 years (ranging between 30 to 50 years old; 57.1%). EBV was the most frequently detected (73.3%), followed by HPV (43.3%), mainly of type 16 (40%), and C. albicans (23.3%). Significant differences were observed between degrees of dysplasia and HPV presence (p = 0.005). In lesions positive for HPV, EBV, and C. albicans the most frequent histological changes were hyperkeratosis, irregular interpapillary ridges, and loss of basal stratum cell polarity. Conclusion: Co-infection with human papillomavirus, Epstein Barr virus, and Candida albicans in oral leukoplakia could be associated with dysplastic changes